1. Choose the right tree for your location. Use a tree that will grow well in our city’s climate and make sure that it’s going to have plenty of space both vertically and horizontally.
2. Dig a square hole that is twice as wide as the size of the root ball, but no deeper than the height of the root ball. This will prevent the roots from settling too deep while still enabling them to penetrate the surrounding soil.
3. In order to check the drainage, fill the empty hole with water. If it takes longer than 24 hours to drain, choose a different site. A tree will not survive if its roots are underwater for long periods of time.
4. Only prune the tree if necessary and if so, then prune it sparingly. Remove only the dead, broken and diseased branches and roots that are crushed and girdling, or growing around the main stem. Even if only a small portion of healthy canopy is removed this can slow down root growth and delay the establishment. A thoughtfully selected tree shouldn’t need any pruning to be done.